Multiplication tables and charts are useful not only in school but also in everyday life. These tables enable students to quickly solve problems, whether they have to manage the budget for the science fair or to help classmates with solving problems in class.

Observe the multiplication tables for numbers from one to ten:

Here are the multiplication tables for numbers from 11 to 20:

From the table, select the number to be multiplied first. Each of the cells represent numbers as the product of two numbers, the first selected from a column on the extreme left and the other from the top row.

Multiplication Chart 1 – 10

Example 1: Simplify the following

8 \(\times\) 6 = ?

4 \(\times\) 9 = ?

5 \(\times\) 7 = ?

9 \(\times\) 9 = ?

Solution:

8 \(\times\) 6 = 48

4 \(\times\) 9 = 36

5 \(\times\) 7 = 35

9 \(\times\) 9 = 81

Example 2:

Jackson needs 36 pencils. He bought six packets of pencils, having six pencils in each packet. Will Jackson have enough pencils?

Solution:

Jackson needs 36 pencils. One packet of pencils has six pencils.

6 \(\times\) 1 = 6

Then six packets will have the following number of pencils.

6 \(\times\) 6 = 36

Therefore, Jackson has a total of 36 pencils.

Example 3:

Ricky was asked to arrange 24 chairs in different rows and columns such that each row and column had an equal number of chairs. Figure out the number of ways the chairs can be arranged.

Solution:

If we look at the multiplication table, we can observe the following

4 \(\times\) 6 = 24

6 \(\times\) 4 = 24

8 \(\times\) 3 = 24

3 \(\times\) 8 = 24

So, we can use each of the numbers used to obtain 24 as the number of chairs in each row and column to get a total of 24 chairs.

Number of chairs in each row |
Number of chairs in each column |

4 |
6 |

6 |
4 |

3 |
8 |

8 |
3 |

Addition and multiplication are connected because multiplication is the repeated addition of the same numbers up to a specific number of times.

For example: 4 x 3 = 4 + 4 + 4 = 12

Learning the multiplication tables would help in solving complex arithmetic problems. Depending on addition alone would take up a lot of time. Multiplication makes calculations much quicker. In fact, multiplication is one of the most foundational operations that will lead to more complex forms of mathematics.

9 should be multiplied by 3 to get 27.

3 x 9 = 27